Each year in the UK over 30,000 people will have a cardiac arrest outside of hospital. Currently, less than 10% of these people will live to be discharged from hospital. A recent report from the British Heart Foundation suggests that in more than half of cases bystander assistance was not given, mainly due to lack of knowledge and confidence.
Bystander's giving lifesaving Basic Life Support can significantly improve someone's chance of survival, particularly if a defibrillator is used. 16th October each year is Restart a Heart Day, many an adult around the UK does not feel confident to be able to perform basic life support, here is a written a step by step guide in how to perform basic life support.
Check it's safe
Check your surroundings before approaching, is it safe?
Talk to the person to see if they respond, Tap them on the shoulders to try to wake them.
Shout to attract attention of other people, you may need more help
if the person doesn't wake up...
Check for breathing
Check in their mouth for any obstructions, remove obstructions by rolling the person over if necessary.
Place one hand on their forehead and a two fingers under their chin, tilt the head back and lift the chin, until the chin is higher than the forehead. Hold the head in this position, place your cheek and ear close to their mouth and nose and look down their chest. Check for up to 10 seconds, you are listening and looking for a normal breathing pattern (2-3 breaths).
If they are not breathing normally or you are unsure the person is in cardiac arrest.
CALL 999 - tell them the person is not breathing.
Start Basic Life Support
Kneel by the side of the person, place the heel of your hand in the centre of their chest on the hard, flat bone (breast bone). Place your second hand directly on top it, lean your shoulders over the person so your arms are straight over your wrists, lock your elbows and keep them locked while pressing down. Press down on the chest as hard as you can 30 times, you are aiming to do 2 compressions per second. Some songs that might help, "stayin' alive" by the BeeGee's and "baby shark" by Pinkfong.
Give 2 rescue breaths
If you have completed 30 chest compressions you should now give 2 rescue breaths by tilting the head up to open the airway, pinching the persons nose and placing your mouth around the casualties mouth to make a good seal and blow into their mouth until you see their chest lift a little.
If you have tried twice to make the chest lift, whether it worked or not you should now go back to 30 chest compressions repeat until ambulance turns up and takes over.
If you get tired, swap with someone.
Now to practice your newly learned skills book a first aid training course for your workplace today!
Many people do not consider the importance of learning first aid and may have many excuses about why they don’t want to learn or don't need to.
Some say that they don’t have time, others say that they have no idea where to begin while others claim they don’t believe accidents will happen to them or their loved ones.
Some people may feel like they already have enough knowledge and skills to help them
out should the need arise. But all those excuses do not change the fact that learning basic first aid is very important.
If you have been considering learning basic first aid but have been putting it off, this article is for you.
I have prepared the top reasons why you should learn first aid.
Browse through them and when you're done, get in touch and we'll get you booked in!
1. Accidents Happen
We all live a life of uncertainty and nobody knows what tomorrow will bring. With increased numbers of accidents in our roads, places of work and even our own homes, you can never know when an accident will happen near you.
Not a single day passes without an accident happening somewhere, you only have to look at the local news to get an idea of just how frequently accidents happen, (and those are only the ones that make the headlines!)
Last year, over 500,000 people experienced an injury of some kind at work. Over 140 people died in their workplaces as a result of an accident. Having proper first aid training can help save lives if an accident happens near you and if you are involved in an accident yourself you can be sure to start self care or know when more help is necessary. Plus it’s not like it takes years to learn, you can learn the basics in just a few hours on our CPR and Defibrillator course!
2. Someone you know might need your help
Imagine, you're just doing a bit of gardening, it's a nice tranquil Sunday afternoon. Suddenly you hear your next door neighbour screaming, her husband has collapsed. She doesn't know what to do, she's looking for you to help.
Imagine, you're out in a restaurant catching up with your best friend. Suddenly you notice they look strange and they can't make any noise. They've started choking, they're looking at you to help.
Imagine, you're on the school run, you're just waiting in your car for your child to come out of school. When they see you from the gate they run into the road without looking, they're hit by a car. They're looking to you to help.
Now all of these are totally made up scenario's but imagine being that person. That's bad enough. Now imagine, you didn't bother to learn any first aid, you decided it was too much bother, or you didn't have time. Now you don't know what to do.
It's scary being in these kinds of situations but what's scarier is being in those situations unprepared.
Knowing first aid doesn't make it more likely that you'll use it, but it does make it more likely that if you do need to use it, it will be effective.
3. Improves chances of survival.
The first minutes after an accident are very crucial. The first aid that a casualty receives can be the difference between life and death.
In the UK there are over 30,000 cardiac arrests outside of hospital each year, so that's in the community and in their homes. The chances of survival of cardiac arrest outside the hospital is less than 10 percent. Shockingly only a few years ago a survey from The British Red Cross found that only 4% of adults surveyed felt confident enough to use first aid.
Statistics shows that casualties in cardiac arrest who receive good quality CPR can double their chances of survival. In some cases some if a cardiac arrest victim gets high quality CPR and early defibrillation is performed, the survival rates can dramatically improve to up to 75 percent.
If it was you or your loved one you would want the best chance to survive. To change the above statistics more adults need to learn how to save a life, but don't rely on other people, the change starts with you.
4. Quick Response to Emergencies
In the most life threatening of first aid situations, serious bleeding, cardiac arrest, choking; the time that it takes to respond to an incident is hugely important. A delay can mean death for the casualty.
Whilst having a first aider is super important, during an ongoing incident there will be no time to read through a first aid manual.
First aid training can be completed online, however when you attend proper first aid training the life saving knowledge and confidence you get in the right training environment is invaluable should you ever need to use your skills. I always recommend any skill that is practical should not be undertaken online; learning the theory is great, but would you go to a new hairdresser if they had only ever completed online learning and had never actually cut someone's hair...
5. Improved Confidence
In most cases when an accident or a person requires proper care, people tend to panic and not act because they don’t want to worsen the situation.
During an accident you may find bystanders just looking on without doing anything because they have no idea what to do, if they're not panicking and causing a distraction this is a bonus, the confident first aider will be able to utilise the more calm of the bystanders to become helpers, guiding ambulances, keeping people back, fetching or running for equipment. The first thing you will learn about first aid is that panic is normal, but on our wonderful first aid courses taught with lots of delegate involvement and practical activities the panic you may feel in a real life situation is balanced with confidence and the knowledge that you are acting in the best interests of a casualty, this is what makes our first aiders SuperHeroes.
As an employer you have a legal duty to ensure you are choosing a training provider who is competent to deliver the quality of first aid training needed for your workplace. So it's definitely in your best interests to make sure that you know what it is that you're looking for in your next training provider.
I should also add it is not the duty of the training provider to let you know they are compliant, it is your duty to show you have properly checked that they are.
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) provide really good information about exactly what makes a provider competent… and in true Health and Safety style it's very long and very boring to read.
Good News, here’s everything you need to know in a nutshell!
The training provider should be able to demonstrate:
Now we’ve covered that… Here’s why you should choose us!